04 12 05 09 02 17

Persuasive Essays On War In Iraq

Persuasive Essays On War In Iraq

















































Blogging The Odyssey. Part 5 (How NOT to Anger the Gods)

By Elodie September 30, 2016

Last time on Blogging The Odyssey . the king of Phaeacia asked Odysseus to tell his tale. Odysseus was like, «I COULDN’T POSSIBLY,» thought about it for roughly .5 seconds, and then said, «WELL, IF YOU INSIST.» Now, look. I know I’m just an uninvolved. More →

When your books and teachers don’t make sense, we do.

SparkNotes is brought to you by B&N. Visit B&N to buy and rent textbooks. and check out our award-winning tablets and ereaders, including Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK and NOOK GlowLight .

© 2016 SparkNotes LLC. All Rights Reserved

Minds at War
A comprehensive
anthology of poetry of the First World War. All the greatest war poems of Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon and war poems of over 70 other notable poets. All set in the context of the poets' lives and historical records. With historic photographs and cartoons. Edited by David Roberts.
400 pages �14-99 (UK)

Out in the Dark
Anthology of
First World War poetry recommended for students and the general reader.
19 poems by
Wilfred Owen
. 27 by Siegfried Sassoon and over 90 more war poems by 45 significant poets including women writers. Contextual information and basic notes on many poems. Illustrated. Edited by David Roberts.
185 pages — �8-99 (UK)


The poetry and verse on this website can be taken as reflecting the views, observations and insights of the individual authors or views which they do not hold but want to present for others to consider.

The picture shows Baghdad under US bombardment, March 2003. The UK fired a few missiles, too, in support.

WARNING: this page contains ideas and pictures
that some people may find disturbing

From the bleakest times, though it seems impossible,
we must find a space for an abiding charity,
a stretching of the soul into a new skin;
one the best part of us longs for deeply.

Simon Carroll, February 2003
(See his poem, The last days of love . below.)
Poem added January 2010.

Note, December 2006. Three years after these poems were written there seems to be nothing that the writers should revise in the light of consequent experience — except perhaps, that things are even worse than they feared. The dishonesty is now apparent to everyone, but the politicians who set out to deceive the world remain in office. The tragedy, stupidity, dishonesty and horror described here remain as an ongoing nightmare for the people of Iraq and as a crime against humanity which continues to appal opinion around the world, including most people in both the US and UK.

Simon Carroll, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Curtis D Bennet (from US, former pilot in Vietnam war)
(See Curt’s Vietnam poems on this web site. A link can be found in the modern poems section of the main index page of this website.)

The photos were painfully clear,
In color, and graphically detailed,
In multi-pixel format
From across the world.
From another faraway land
In another place, and time.
They were undeniable, uncompromising,
Painful to look at, hard to accept.

Some photos showed naked men
Wearing black hoods over their heads,
Clustered in a pile on the floor,
As an American girl grinned and pointed at their genitalia,
As if she found it somewhat lacking.
Manacled hands embracing each other
Bare skin on bare skins
In a mangled group of bodies
Lying together in a jangled, confusing heap.
They lay helpless before the Americans.

One showed a prisoner like a giant moth-man
Standing on boxes with electrodes,
Attached to his fingers.
Still another terrified man,
Backed away, handcuffed,
Cringing against the wall
In total terror as excited dogs,
Eagerly strained and barked for the prize.

Most disturbing in that sinister jail
Known in Iraq as Abu Ghraib
A smiling American soldier,
Looks down at a prisoner,
Laying on the ground like a dog,
She held a leash to his neck
She stood there stoically watching
Her captured prize of Iraqi manhood
Cowering on the cold cement.
Helpless, powerless to resist,
Unable to act, unable to move,
Unable to think, defenseless
Totally submissive and subservient,
Totally at the mercy of the war.
These photos are a metaphor,
Of what America considers Iraq,
What we think of the Iraqi people,
Of our dominance, or our authority,
Of our cruelty, and our brutality,
Our inhumanity and callousness,
With total disregard for other peoples
Except ourselves and our selfish priorities,
Where the Military abuse their power,
Where the strong abuse the weak,
Where Leaders are beyond the law,
Beyond authority, beyond reproach
To unfortunate prisoners of war,
They appear to believe
They are answerable to no one.

A parallel metaphor emerges,
Of guards and prisoners,
Of leashes and hoods
Of the calloused indifference
The brutal treatment to Prisoners of War.
It is Cheney holding the Leash
Of a feckless, hooded naked Congress,
Secretary Rumsfeld dragging the leash
Of the military stumbling blindly behind,

President Bush leads the trio
Down his yellow brick road,
Paved with lies and misrepresentations,
False Fear, terror, deceit,
And fanciful, imagined enemies,
Dragging behind him the hooded,
Unseeing naked American masses
Down his deadly road
Of war and destruction,
All of us, unwilling participants in his War,
All of us�in America
Prisoners of War.

Curtis D. Bennett

Inside the gray, steel womb of cargo space.
Flag covered caskets quietly lie
In rank and file, line on line in silence.
Bound together in final military formation
Flags of blood reds, cloud whites and ocean blues,
Drape and caress the dull, pewter boxes
Encasing the broken, ashen, hallowed remains
Of dead young boys and girls,
Forced to pay the ultimate price
In this foreign land with strange people,
Where brutal Death forever lurks,
Beneath the surface, around the corner
Watching with cold eyes that never sleep.

Outside, hot desert night winds
Sweep down from the northern mountains
In biting, stinging clouds of dust
Blowing and swirling the tarmac, ruffling flags.
Steel, hydraulic doors whine and close tight

Sealing the precious cargo inside.
Engines come to life and rumble the air,
The huge cargo transport trundles away
Disappearing in the darkness of the taxiway.
Moments later, re-emerging, a roaring shadow
That races and climbs sharply up and away
Into the night air to seek the stars.

Floating suspended between earth and sky
The westbound plane heads for the full moon.
Carrying its sleeping, youthful cargo home.
To the land that gave them birth,
To the parents who loved and raised then
To the government who sent them to fight,
And the politicians who killed them.
In the early morning hours, it touches down
On glistening tarmac of the sleeping base.
To taxi off and away towards the dark distant hanger
Where black hearses wait under tight security.

Once again hydraulics hum the cargo doors open.
The setting moon softly illuminates the caskets.
So quietly they lie, so well they sleep,
With no more promises to keep,
No more miles to go.

Curtis D. Bennett
May 12, 2004

One day we will look back and realize,
Our kids all died�. for nothing.
One day, America will be forced to abandon Iraq.
The American people will have enough
Of war, personal sacrifice and waste of treasury.
American voters will make the choice,
Not Congress, not the President, not the military,
But the people paying the taxes and sacrificing their children.
Our military will be forced to pack it up and move out
Leaving behind the hot, dusty, blood stained soil
Where forgotten kids were butchered and maimed,
Were brutally murdered on behalf of America
Children sent there by spineless, cowardly politicians
Condoned by feckless, incompetent, Military Leaders
Who knew better, but said nothing to protect their jobs.
These kids selflessly gave the ultimate sacrifice of their life
In the name of a misguided, confused, fearful country
Whose President claimed to the American people
He sent these kids to die in that savage land
With the blessing and approval of God.
At that point our war with Iraq
Becomes, the ultimate blasphemy.

Curtis D. Bennett

It lurks behind their eyes,
Where the soul used to live.
Eyes, which have seen too much
Of war�s bad places
Where reality is too far
Beyond human comprehension,
Beyond human reasoning,
Beyond human sanity.

The nether world of death and carnage,
Flash-burned and sealed in a fixed dimension
Of atrocities bordered by unspeakable horror
That forever scars the psyche,
Everlastingly searing moments
That eternally burns too bright.

The blank vagueness of the eyes
Gazes through you,
Now past and far beyond,
Without judging,
Without emotion,
Without compassion
Without mercy, without humanity.

They stare, dead and blank, unfocused and vague,
Knowing everything, fixed on nothing,
Mirroring the soul.

Curtis D. Bennett

The experience of fighting a war
Changes all men forever.
The experience of taking human life
And being responsible for death,
The ending of life of others
Becomes a, life-altering experience
Of any man who engages in a war,
Who experiences its ugliness, its cruelty,
Comes to know its pornography and savage brutality.

Those who have not been personally involved
In a war as a participant,
Or experienced first hand its aftermaths,
Will never know war�s reality and suffering,
Can never judge war�s validity or worth,
Should ever be involved in any decision
Resulting in a war between nations.
For their imagery of war is fictitious,
Evolving from one�s imagination
Man�s wishful thinking,
Based on movies and books and television,
Nothing more than a fanciful, false myth
Without appropriate context or validation,
Without merit or value.

Most men experiencing war
Become sombrely aware of their own humanity,
And the humanity of all human beings and lifeWho share this earth together.
Who only want to exist in peace, live and let live,
These men emerge from a war as true men,
Evolving from warriors to human beings.

Yet others emerge from war on the dark side,
Down into that murky, deep hole of savage death,
Where they relish and find irresistible the war experience,
The exhilaration of total power and control,
The wanton and cruel destruction of life,
Driven by the primeval exhilaration of survival,
Flourishing on the elixir of adrenalin rush.
Unmindful of any consequence,
Disregarding tenets and precepts of civilization,
To immerse themselves selfishly
In the darkness and ruthlessness
Of the act of war.

War is addicting, all-powerful, all persuasive,
A reason for being, without means, only ends.
Where killing is acceptable and justifiable,
Is undeniably necessary and even honorable,
Despite the human cost and tragedy,
Disregarding the human suffering and agony,
And in some twisted minds
Spurred on by irrational reasoning
And self delusions the act of war
Becomes a sacred mission,
Condoned, approved, and blessed by God.

In war, a man who succumbs to war�s sirens,
Loses himself forever in its terrible beauty,
Embraces its undeniable lure and stimulation of the senses,
Wallows in his perceived power and authority,
To gain other�s approval and attention
This man who truly believes in the act of war
As the ultimate exercise of will, power and personal authority,
Without regard for any human life or consequences,
Is known as a Berserker. (1 )

Curtis D. Bennett

(1) Noun: Berserker

One of the ancient Norse warriors legendary for working themselves into a frenzy before a battle and fighting with reckless savagery and insane fury.

The Cardinal balances his tree limb,
Magnificent red feathers splendidly flaming
Burning the clear morning sunshine,
Cocking his proud head at the window
He stares intently at the kitchen window.

Without warning he launches
Headfirst into the reflecting glass
With an explosion of feathers
He assaults the window
Attacking viciously with hammering beak.

He bangs, recoiling off and away
Shaken he flutters back to his tree
Safe on his branch, he turns.
Tilts his head glaring at his image
Quietly watching back from reflecting panes.

Once again, he smashes the window,
Fiercely screaming at the bird within the glass,
For this bird he thinks he sees
Is real and attacking him!
He strikes once more and wobbles back.

He will not acknowledge he cannot win,
Is unable to grasp or comprehend
The real adversary is his imagination,
And all his frenzied energy and attention
Are both fruitless and pointless.

As long as there is imagination,
There will be perceived threats
From an enemy who does not exist,
In a battle that cannot be won.
In efforts futile from the start.

Throughout the day he assaults,
Until darkness falls and he cannot see.
He flaps away exhausted from the battle.
The bird in the window flaps away with him.
But both�will be back tomorrow.

As it is getting dark,
I turn on TV to see President Bush
As he leans forward, cocks his head,
Staring intently at the reflecting camera lens.

Curtis D. Bennett (Vietnam war veteran. For more of his poetry
see our Vietnam page.)

Two poems which may serve as a prelude to the Iraq war poems

By arming themselves
with sufficient bombs
to destroy the world,
and being
the world’s number one country
at dropping bombs
America is making enemies
of the entire human race.

If the human race
ever dares to strike back
America will have no alternative
but to destroy the entire world
in self-defence.

The President of the United States of America
is not God.

He is not
the international community.

He is not the ultimate arbiter
of right and wrong.

He is not
the law.

He has no right to allot death
to this or that continent,
this or that country,
this or that man or woman or child.

The true international community,
the five billion people of this earth
who are not the President of the United States of America
could easily resist
his power
and would do
if it had the organised resolve.

And will do
in time.

David Roberts
26 December 2002

(Brize Norton 28 March 2003)

On this misty spring day
at an airfield in Oxfordshire
ten hearses wait.

Families in formal lines, bandsmen,
commanders — the services’ top brass, chaplains,
the Duke of York, the Minister of Defence,
here to do their bit, wait
and watch the sky,
searching for a sign
of a returning plane.

Then suddenly with massive roar
the huge transporter touches down.

They wait again,
and how much longer must they wait this awful apparition?

At last
unseen forces lower the huge tail door.

This is the moment.
Home come your sons —
the first to die in this sad war.

One by one,
ten coffins draped in union flags
are carried shoulder high by six young men
walking at a solemn pace.

Fine words are spoken —
words of respect and consolation.
In turn each coffin is borne
to each waiting hearse
and the band plays Handel’s mournful march.

You know they did their duty —
good-hearted, keen, they had so much to give.
Yet this is their reward. It makes no sense.
You shake with grief and utter loss.
You are filled with pride
and try to comprehend
the reasons your sons died who should have lived.

Regrettably, the public also has a right to ask,
was fighting in this war a necessary task?

Was it right
that your sons went to bomb and kill
people who bore us no ill?

They were a courageous band of brothers
who went abroad
to risk the lives of others.

It must take guts to drop those bombs
on defenceless people who had no chance.

Was it really necessary to attack
the innocent people of Iraq? —
Children, half of them,
and over half malnourished.
What had they done to us
to be so punished?

Your boys didn’t have to maim and kill
or break the hearts of mothers.
This is the shamefullest of wars.
They could have used their talents in a decent cause.
They could have lived,
and you could see them still.

30 March and 6 April 2003.

Copyright � 2003 David Roberts Free use on the internet/web and small-scale, not for profit publications.
Please acknowledge source: David Roberts, The War Poetry Website, www.warpoetry.co.uk

I feel the deepest sympathy for those parents, relations and friends of soldiers and victims killed and injured in war, in all their grief and pain. This year has seen calamitous and totally avoidable suffering in Iraq.

When young people sign up to serve in the armed forces of their country they do so in the belief that if the worst came to the worst they might be called upon to defend their country against an enemy invader. To find that they are called upon to attack another country is a abuse of their talents and courage.

I would hope that the loss of all the innocent lives would help in some way to make a better world, but I hold the conviction that attempting to «help» a country by first killing thousands of innocent people is an outrage, totally immoral, and illegal under international law. I believe leaders who initiate such crimes should be held personally responsible and tried as war criminals. They are the ones responsible for the deaths of the innocent and defenceless people of Iraq who never planned to do us the slightest harm, and the deaths of our own innocent servicemen who had no complaint against those whose country they were sent to help take over on behalf of America.

Several parents of soldiers killed in the Iraq war have contacted the British press to say how they felt that their sons died in a bad cause or were betrayed by the British government. Clearly, I agree with them.

On 10 November 2004 I watched Channel 4 news. It showed a group of parents of soldiers killed in Iraq laying a wreath on the step of 10 Downing Street. Afterwards there was a press conference. For several seconds the camera stayed on the face of one mother who cried uncontrollably. This to my mind is the essence of what is wrong with war. It causes such immense suffering which will take years if not generations to heal.

Another mother was interviewed outside the Houses of Parliament. She said that the war was wrong. There was no need for it. The Iraqis had never threatened Britain. See my poem Remembrance Day 2004 .

A Message from Tony Blair to the People of Iraq
(a week after the start of the attacks by US and UK forces, March 2003)

But it is common
for sons who go to war,

and often more so

for those
who are their victims.

Copyright � 2003 David Roberts Free use on the internet/web and small-scale not for profit publications. Please acknowledge source: The War Poetry website, www.warpoetry.co.uk

Written in February, 2003, in the run-up to the Invasion of Iraq.

The sharp-eyed birds circle in the bleak desert heat,
Far below, a mottled array of black and smoking warts
stain the rolling, rippled tissue,
and mark out the coming feast.

�Hawks� they call them:
a misnomer and slight on a gracious bird
for such an ignoble pursuit.

It feels like an enormous weight of thoughtlessness,
a great building mass, devoid of empathy
progressing irresistibly to its pitiless terminal.
Is this finally that rough beast
slouching toward its untimely birth?

Beneath the petty squabbles of the older vultures,
in the midst of their high-minded scavengery,
lies a broken body.
Not one being fought over;
a long forgotten figure,
curled up into a lonely, wistful repose,
her alabaster sheen blemished in crimson fissures.

For this sad and fading imago
it has, again, been a slow, slow dying.
As ever, we weep for it too late.

The echo of future lament sounds
as a distant thunder to our ears,
while great men see only the coming of a new tide.
To this faulty vision we must again uphold
the ancient wisdom of the fool and the blind man:
to know the dark secret of desire and where it leads;
for the labyrinthine soul of man is built
on an infinite pile of rotting corpses,
and those passions the worst in us holds
overflow the firm barriers of resolve.

We must remove this curse.
With some lost titanic will, and deep inward promise made,
we begin, first as murmur, a great incantation.
Like a rumbling Prometheus, fire in his eyes,
starting to loosen his bounds.

Let the new emperors hide
behind the uniform of fear and terror;
and let the pantomime warriors
mumble their dank platitudes,
as they lay waste to our language;
a prelude to the more corporeal slaughter.
Let them murder truth casually.
For our voices will be heard:
We will keep our wisdom and endurance,
and in our gentleness and virtue, faith
That hope will indeed create,
a courage to �defy Power, which seems omnipotent�.

From the bleakest times, though it seems impossible,
we must find a space for an abiding charity,
a stretching of the soul into a new skin;
one the best part of us longs for deeply.

Simon Carroll PhD
University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

With apologies to Shelley for borrowing shamelessly from the conclusion of his great dramatic poem.

The Vampire Elite takes control
We must bomb your ancient capital to save it.
We bring democracy with our tanks.
We first got you as fully disarmed as possible,
Through labyrinthine UN protocols,
Before we struck.
We needed to start the war quickly,
As our case about you having secret
chemical weapons was falling apart —
Our forged documents had become known.
We bring you Starbucks and our pornography
You must be grateful for us re-bombing Baghdad
Your oil will be safe in our hands.

Nick Kollestrom
Copyright � 2003 Nick Kollestrom

Herod perceiving that he was deluded by the wise men, was exceedingly
angry; and sending forth killed all the men children that were in Bethlehem,
and in all the borders thereof, from two years old and under, according to
the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men. Then was fulfilled
that which was spoken by Jeremias the prophet, saying: A voice in Rama
was heard, lamentation and great mourning; Rachel bewailing her children,
and would not be comforted, because they are not.
[Matthew 2:16-18]

once a crusade has begun
such consequences are inevitable
once the line is placed in the sand
there is no turning back when crossed:

they play upon the dusty street
heedless that tomorrow may never come
for immorality is the greatest ally of youth
until it faces the brutality of the sanctimonious

a quiet pause the eye of storm
before the shrieks of laughter drown
in a crimson flash which melds with the red
that slowly seeps over the dampening soil

lifeless unclosed eyelids
pale cold outstretched hands
flaccid broken limbs
taut silent ashen lips
undone dreams

and the mothers rush in with tear filled eyes
a chorus of voices unable to comprehend
the instant that shattered their hope and lives

they kneel in the sand
kiss the unending horror
stroke the disheveled hair
clutch the limp bodies
which had held the promise
of a future that disappeared quicker
than their sobbing exhaled breath

only women can create the universe of life
and only they truly understand the meaning
when the candle is snuffed
and no more than darkness remains

Twas the night before Baghdad
And all through the base
Not a heartbeat was silent
Not a smile on one face

The soldiers at attention
Fists raised in the air
Saddam is a monster!
We must all go there!

So we loaded our planes
With our guns and our tanks
And we sent all the soldiers
To Kuwaits outer banks

From Kuwait, from Turkey
From Saudi and more
With battering rams
We knocked on his door

The Fedayin heard
All the military clatter
And ran to Saddam
To ask what was the matter

Don’t worry he said
With a heartening ring
They financed my reign
They won’t do this thing

We bombed all the buildings
Til the fires were glowing
While Baby Bush yelled
Keep the oil pipes flowing!

He should be a magician
Our Baby Bush, cuz you see
He created the biggest illusion
The WMD’s

He lied to us all
About terror and pain
When all that he’s after
Is monetary gain

For Daddy, and Barbara
And Baby Bush too
There is no such thing
As too much oil revenue

Some people believe
That it’s for our own good
To bomb and to kill
To shed innocent blood

They sleep in their beds
Oblivious to lies
While we who have wakened
Hear bloodcurdling cries

Cries of our fathers,

Our brothers and sons
Sent to fight in a war
That cannot be won

We liberated them!
Our Baby Bush chimes
That is why they attack us
Time after time

With Christmas upon us
He steps up his work
Of campaigning again
The self serving jerk!

He�ll don his flight suit
He�ll have all his fun
Wishing �Merry Christmas! Keep fighting!�
And to all. Duck and Run!

Cynthia Anderson
Mother of a soldier

Mclain Pray (American, age 17)

Massive protest blowing like sand,
To the recent outstretch of our hand
Clutters the capitals of the land.

US, whose lives lack,
The treachery and suffering of those in Iraq,
Fail to see the aim of our attack.

US only sees death and pain,
And to our steady government complain
Not realizing that which the world has to gain.

Oil flows there once again,
But does not reward US for the win,
It gives hope to those there, within.

A new country, patriotic, free, and pure,
Seeded in land once controlled by an evil ruler,
Is reborn�.with a promising future.

Let US regain the patriotism and purity which made US so grand,
And together in hope and love let US stand,
With a new free nation hand in hand.

Poems from «Kaniex»

Her name is Samira
She is five

She sees the silver bird flying through a clear blue sky
It glints in the sun and catches her eye

Fifteen seconds pass slowly.

The sight brings happy memories to her mind
Little tinsel squares thrown at a joyous wedding
The tiny silver horse she had loved so much
in the bazaar
A sparkle of water in the market square

Ten seconds pass, a leaf falls gently.

She smiles and squints in the sun
and closes one beautiful brown eye
The better to see her silver bird fly

The bird makes a long slow arc
She loves the shape of the curve it makes
Like the curve of her arm shielding her eyes
Her thoughts go to her very own tree
And the soft shapes of its lovely limbs
And she thinks of the sound
Of the leaves at night
How they take her off to sleep

Five seconds of love and light remain.

The sun has warmed her to sleepy dreaming
Creeping under the shade of her protecting arm
And in playful loving and new thoughts waking
She touches her cheek
And runs to tell.

Copyright � Kaneix 2003

On the side of the ‘bird’ in large letters:
‘From Uncle Sam’ and a grin
The missile cost so many dollars
So many gifts that could have been.
Perhaps for ten thousand children
And two worlds so much nearer
But death from the sky could never bring
A tiny horse to our Samira

Having lost its track and trajectory
The maps of its mind don’t work
And who will ever know why
It saw the house as a target
Was it lost and dreaming too?
And through a fever of confusion
A little village house
Seemed a better place to die
Than its sad mechanical mind
Too cold and lonely in the sky

Ten days go by in a fiery heat
before a GI passes by
Thinking of his lovely daughter
The apple of his eye
The bloody bones he tidies up
And throws them in the sewer
‘Some damned unlucky Iraqi cat or dog’
Our world is now one fewer

Copyright � Kaneix 2003

History mimicking art
That’s all there is
There is no more
The clock is ticking down
Inexorably to war

Bush at his desk, fingers drumming
Blair with his kids, stares at the floor
The world watches the clock
Ticking down through 24

The time of slaughter
grows ever closer
To heart-rending screams
Of dying sons
And disfigured daughters

This time it’s for real
But in real time it’s not the president
But innocents who are in danger
In the cradle of civilization
Death comes from the sky
And the brutal stranger

24 hours
And the deadline looms
In every Bagdhad doorway
In 5 million rooms
The roulette wheel spins their fate
While the world holds its breath
And death can’t wait

The Amerikan smiles to think of killing
Such arrogance is its own fate
In the coalition of the willing
Willing partners forward hate

These 24 hours
are a deadline in the sand
Like the lines of dead
on the Basra road
The ghosts will return
ever more
To haunt America

Copyright � Kaneix 2003

I s it shock and awe we want?
To terrify those who have done us no wrong?
Almost half of Iraq’s population
are aged 14 and under
Is it really our goal to horrify
and terrorise them?

Is it shock and awe we want?
To fill our hearts with hate
and lust for blood?
Do we want military songs
full of bravado, jingoism
and pride in killing?

Do we want to hear military men
talk of hammering the enemy
to screams of delight?
Is that what we want
raw hatred and desire to kill
and kill again?

Is that what you want in your heart?
If it is.

Are you any better than them?

Copyright � Kaneix 2003

By starlight
the skull flies off
spinning, crashing
by the tree bough
a rainbow of blood
like a peacock fan
lashes the sky

By moonlight
doves coo
side by side
warmed in down
in sleepy bliss

By headlight
a tiny body
makes an arc of grey
smashed by steel
broken bones
splinter in silence

By limelight
players create peace
men’s hearts
softened by wit
and dreamy jest
long for what’s right

By flarelight
broken bodies
lie mangled
legs butchered
and ragged
coils of colon
slick and gleaming

By candlelight
lovers stroke
warm skin alive
kissing warm dampness
moist in their passion
electric with feeling
soaring and blissful

By streetlight
a young man
scared almost witless
surrounded by hatred
is carved by a devil
tortured in cruelty
and knifed to numb coldness

By firelight
two friends
watch evening falling
dreaming of old times
awaiting the dawning

By gaslight
the ovens
are crawling with dying
herded to slaughter
from their loved ones
heaped like some debris
and buried like cattle

By dawnlight
the sun shines
on all that is human
the saint and the sinner
the thug and the saviour
by each ugly scarface
and each selfless martyr
a world that is waiting
each day
to be born

Copyright � Kaneix 2003

If you like you will find most if not all of the others under the name KANEIX at the following site:

Poems from Raghab in Nepal

Early morning when the sun comes up
And to it’s misery finds the burning earth,
Hears the news of bomb-blast last night
Sun feels ashamed and tries to hide.
It calls the cloud to cover it through
And remembers the earth which used to be good.
Hiding from a corner, moon calls the sun
Tells the horrifying killings that went before the dawn.
Sun melts in tears but the truth is truth
It loves not to shine today and it seems to brood
The blame is on us my brothers, I say
Love and peace lies only on few prayers today.

War, the fire, rich have lit
I see burning slums, burning streets.
Poor see themselves fry when they are alive.

What more to regret, how more to cry?
O ye human, O mighty big
Nay, never has war changed other’s creed.
To love and live is what you declare
And throw few bombs but are you insane?
All are one and same, ye non the small
O ye fools don’t use your intellect at all.
Deities are scared to see these battles
For they believed their creation would be kind and humble.
I hither and dither and find no ease
These hoary news sets my blood to freeze.
When shall sun enlighten these fools?
When shall god bestow us with his peace rule?

Beyond the horizon,
I can see the dusk
About to cover my pious world.
From all the lights my world
Passed by, hey people drag
Not my mother to darkness.
Where marriage crackers were nice
To be heard, blowing missiles and bombs
Is just a nerve-breaking affair.
Stop my brothers wherever
You live. Our mother is same,
The same breast we suckle,
On the same lap we sleep

Notes on the subject of A Message from Tony Blair to the People of Iraq . early June 2004.


The main purposes of this war were always clear to people who had read about what has happened in Iraq over the last fifteen years and have studied American foreign policy. They were not the policies announced to the British and American people by George Bush and Tony Blair. They were to take control of Iraq’s oil. Privatise Iraq’s state industries, install a puppet government, build American military bases, and hold the whole of the middle east under the American threat so that the oil will flow and no-one dare challenge the US. This can be read in American defence planning documents, but events show this to be entirely true.

Was the war against Iraq a success?

The first thing that needs saying about this war is that it was an unprovoked attack against a sovereign country. No threat was ever made by Iraq to either America or Britain. The war was a war of aggression and as such it was the most serious crime in international law. Those who planned it and justified it are war criminals.

The Judgement of the Nuremberg International War Crimes Tribunal (1945) stated, «To initiate a war of aggression is not only an international crime it is the supreme international crime.» And, «To initiate a war of aggression is a crime that no political or economic situation can justify.» Even if Iraq possessed abundant quantities of weapons of mass destruction this would not have amounted to a justification for the war. Mass murder and mass mutilation cannot be justified morally or legally.

Iraq was not a threat to the west. In fact it was an extremely weak country and for all practical purposes it was defenceless.

From the point of view of Bush and Blair, so long as they escape arrest, yes, the Iraq war now appears to be a success. The main objectives appear to have been achieved.

Following the bombing of Iraq by British and US planes in 1998 Saddam Hussein decided he would sell no more oil to America and Britain and he would trade oil in euros and not American dollars. Objective one of the war was to take control of Iraqi oil fields. This was done within days of the start of the attack. Oil is traded in US dollars. The oil industry in Iraq is run by US firm Haliburton. Iraq’s contracts to supply oil to France, Russia, China, Germany and others were effectively terminated by the war.

Business opportunities for US firms.

On 19 September 2003. Paul Bremer, the US Governor of Iraq, announced in his order number 39 that 200 of Iraq’s state industries and services including banks were to be privatised and sold to mainly foreign investors. They could buy from a war-torn country at bargain prices. There would be no requirement to invest profits back in Iraq. And corporation tax would be reduced from 40% to 15%. This move was undemocratic, totally against international law, and something very close to extreme robbery with extreme violence.

More business opportunities for US firms.

Bush’s corporate sponsors have been given a great trade boost. It has been boom time for US weapons manufacturers, and for oil, construction and security firms who have been given huge contracts in Iraq.

America has sent a message to governments in the region: co-operate with us or expect violent treatment. America has established new military bases in Iraq.

But aren’t the Iraqi people now free?

Mass murder, gross abuse and theft. Having taken away the right to life of about 30,000 Iraqis in 2003 and 1.7 million by the imposition of sanctions 1991 to 2003, and having caused untold destruction in this period, and having maimed fifty thousand more, and having imprisoned over ten thousand Iraqis who were free under Saddam Hussein, and having used torture on a wide scale to crush opposition and perhaps even for the sadistic pleasure of it, and having increased unemployment from 50% to 70%, and having taken control of Iraq’s key national asset plus many of Iraq’s most important businesses and services you could say, that in a sense, Iraq is now free. But not free to control its economic destiny nor is it free to stop any military action the British and Americans choose to embark upon in Iraq. These are still in the hands of the American government. Iraq is now free to try to revive one of the most devastated and abused countries on the planet. It has not got a choice about whether or not it wants the American conquerors to have the contracts for rebuilding the country. It cannot stop the Americans taking Iraqi oil, not yet any way.

We could have helped and behaved decently

If we had wanted to help Iraq we could have done it years ago by ending the sanctions which killed hugely more people than Saddam Hussein ever did. Sanctions were a British and American crime committed in the name of the United Nations. I feel deeply ashamed of what we and our American allies have done to persecute the people of Iraq. Can we be surprised that there is intense anger against the British and American people when we condone behaviour which is in defiance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Charter, and international law?

Rising death toll

The above was written in early June 2004. This month (November 2004) the death toll in Iraq has been estimated to be over 100,000. Today (Saturday 13 November) at the end of a week of bombing and blasting with tanks and machine gun fire the city of Falluja is in ruins. Water and electricity supplies were cut off at the beginning of the week. No food has entered the city since then. All medical facilities have been put out of action. Today’s one o’clock news announced that 1600 insurgents had been killed. Who are these insurgents? They are men who are fighting to get rid of an enemy invader. In France in the Second World War such people were called the resistance and they were greatly admired for the risks they took and the way they fought against Hitler.

The US action today is building the resistance to their presence to greater and greater strength. They are at risk of incurring the anger of the entire Iraqi population. Even now, although we are told how grateful the Iraqi people are for bringing the end of Saddam Hussein. It is hard to see how they could be grateful for so much destruction of their country, so many deaths and so much suffering.

In September I went to a public meeting in Brighton. It was addressed by a ten year old Iraqi girl who had had a leg blown off by a British or American bomb. Eleven members of her family had been killed in the war. Fifteen hundred other children in Iraq are awaiting artificial limbs.

My member of parliament wrote to me when I complained about the war. He said, «I still believe it was the right thing to do.»

If you would like to know more about what has really been happening in Iraq over the past fourteen years UK readers might be interested in the 24 page pamphlet I wrote for Action for UN Renewal.

Pamphlet from Action for UN Renewal

Lessons from Iraq

The UN must be reformed

The UN has profound problems, but it can and must be reformed and saved

The task of the United Nations

Even Kofi Annan admits that the UN body set up «to maintain the peace and security of the world,» the Security Council, lacks credibility. It cannot function effectively because, in spite of the noble efforts of many members its work is viewed around the world with sadness, or even contempt, anger or hostility.

The UN has failed Iraq

This pamphlet examines the astonishing failures of the UN Security Council in its dealings with Iraq and suggests reforms and remedies which may enable the Security Council to gain respect and fulfil its mission. Crimes against Iraq cannot be ignored and rogue members of the UN must be brought into line with UN principles.

There are tasks which both the UN itself and ordinary citizens everywhere can carry out in order to return the United Nations to its founding principles and help to ensure the survival and well-being of the human race.

See Action for UN Renewal website for modest cost and how to buy.

For even more detail about what has been done to Iraq read an outstanding book,

Behind the War on Terror,the Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq by Nafeez Ahmed, publishied by Clairview at �11-95

Iran and Iraq War — The war between Iraq and Iran was a war between two rival states with different religious/fundamental views, ethnic backgrounds, historical ethnic and border tensions, and power-hungry national leadership who were striving for the position as the dominant Persian Gulf state (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). This war is significant for several reasons: it the longest conventional war in the 20th century (lasting from 1980 to 1988), it was witness several unique and horrific tactics and it set the stage for Iraq’s eventual invasion of Kuwait (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). [tags: Contributing Factors, Results]
. 1 Works Cited

744 words
(2.1 pages)

The Longest War of the Twentieth Century: The Iran-Iraq War -. Having the effect of leaving Iran disorganized from the overthrow of the ruling government, it also left them with very little in the way of leadership and experts to defend the country. This fact did not go unnoticed by their neighbors. Seeing the Shi-ite uprisings and the possible threat in Iran, other countries of the Middle-East and West lent aid to Iraq in hopes of keeping the new threat occupied. Threatened by the neighboring coop, encouraged by offers of support from wealthy neighbors, and enticed by the oil-rich lands just across the border and the possibility of a larger port for access to the Persian Gulf; war became too much for Saddam to resist. [tags: modern Middle Eastern history]
. 4 Works Cited

1206 words
(3.4 pages)

The Iran-Iraq War: The Original Gulf War — Iraq has a long history of conflicts with its neighboring countries but none more notably than Iran. Iraq and Iran have had boarder disputes dating back to 1501 during the rule of the Persian Empire. More presently a standing feud has been raging over a 127 mile patch of land known as the Shatt al Arab River, a key point of real-estate due to its important oil shipping ports and access to the Persian Gulf. A treaty was signed in 1937 to settle the border dispute. It seemed to quell many of the tensions between these two countries but peace, it seems, was not meant to last. [tags: american history, persian gulf]
. 5 Works Cited

1192 words
(3.4 pages)

Iran-Iraq War — Iran-Iraq War The eight year Iran-Iraq War was, by the standards of international conflicts, a very long one. It lasted longer than both World War I and World War II. In this conflict, the two most powerful states in the Persian Gulf, Iran and Iraq, who were the world’s largest producers of petroleum, were locked in mortal combat and appeared intent on destroying each other. The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, simultaneously launching an invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on September 1980 and ended with a United Nations brokered ceasefire in 1988. [tags: World History ]
. 10 Works Cited

1600 words
(4.6 pages)

The Iran-Iraq War — The Iran-Iraq War While the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980′s may have permanently altered the course of progress in Iran and Iraq, the war also altered the resulting permanent involvement of the rest of the world in the middle-east. The rich and complicated history in Iraq has established numerous cultural and ethnic traditions that all play a part in where the country is today. The Iran-Iraq War brought into focus some of those traditions and how they conflicted, while also bringing Iraq and its economic situation into the spotlight. [tags: War Middle East Essays]
. 12 Works Cited

3026 words
(8.6 pages)

Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) — Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) Hypothesis Probably the most logical explanation is that there has been a conflict that is decades old, that comes from, religious differences to territorial and power ambitions. This war is a war that is not going to stop until both countries solve their internal affairs, because the historical background that this two countries have is not an easy one. I think that the only way to fully achieve peace between these two countries is, for them to come to an agreement regarding the territories, and another one to respect each other’s religions. [tags: essays research papers]

638 words
(1.8 pages)

Chemical Weapons: The Iraq and Iran War — Chemical Weapons: The Iraq and Iran War During the 1980’s, the world was in a state of turmoil. The Middle East was as volatile as ever and the Cold War was still in full swing. The Middle East has always been a hot-bed for controversy and conflict; Iraq and Iran are no exception to this norm. By 1980, Iraq had become the second-largest eastern Arab State in population and size (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2006). However, Iraq aspired to be more, Saddam Hussein sought to unite the Arabs and become the leader for all Arab states. [tags: Middle East, Cold War, World History]
. 5 Works Cited

1057 words
(3 pages)

The Iran Hostage Crisis — The late 20th century was a very turbulent time in American history. In 1976, Jimmy Carter was elected to the presidency, and he had many goals to help better America. However, on November 4th, 1979, a group of radical students seized the United States’ embassy in Tehran, Iran. This completely altered the course of American history and relations with the Middle East. This crisis had many impacts on the United States. It caused the Energy Crisis which in turn caused the Recession of 1979. The Iran Hostage Crisis also had political consequences for President Carter. [tags: Iran Hostage Crisis]
. 11 Works Cited

2450 words
(7 pages)

Modern Day Iraq and Iran — This conflict was something that had been brewing for centuries. Modern day Iraq and Iran have conflicting interests and disputes over borders and control dating back to the Ottoman Turkish Empire as well as the Persian empire under the Safavids (Hiro, 1991). The majority of this war was fought by Saddam Hussein’s Iraq and Ayatollah Khomeini’s Iran. Both political leaders fighting to protect what they thought was theirs and what they wanted to take from the other side. Iran’s main arguments for conflict were to either capture Iraqi oilfields thereby giving them bartering chips to secure the heavy firepower that Iraq had and Iran desperately needed, or to attack the Iraqi artillery that had. [tags: Middle East, Current Events]
. 7 Works Cited

1122 words
(3.2 pages)

Israel and Iran’s Incompatibility — The incompatibility for the game between Israel and Iran is because Iran would not play by the same set of rules that were set between the United States and Russia during the Cold War. This assumption is based on Iran’s own unique scenario in a regional game in the Middle East, as well as Iran’s history to avoid inside the box thinking when it comes to strategic warfare. Tira concludes that the unreliability accompanying the area’s instability and Iran’s known use of creating black swans to continuously push and wear down an opponent, shows that if a nuclear Iran were to develop it would be a major threat not to be taken lightly. [tags: Bushehr, Iran, Israel]
. 7 Works Cited

1866 words
(5.3 pages)

The Outbreak of Iran-Iraq — In the fall of 1980, one of the largest and most destructive conflicts to occur from the end of the second world war started between Iran and Iraq. Lasting eight years, the war left approximately 1.5 million dead and around a million casualties with thousands of refugees fleeing both nations. This conflict’s roots can be traced backed to conflicts that raged between the powers which controlled the Persian Iran and Arab Iraq regions (Bahadori, 2005). For centuries, the Persians and Arabs have been at war under the banners of opposing empires. [tags: war,middle east, geopolitical]
. 7 Works Cited

1813 words
(5.2 pages)

Foreign Policy: The Iran-Contra Affair — Between the years of 1983 and 1986, the United States was involved in a series of covert operations, collectively known as the Iran-Contra Affair. These operations were at best controversial, and at worst blatantly illegal.The Iran-Contra Affair (or the Iran Contra-Scandal) revolved around the issue of foreign policy, specifically with regards to Iran and Nicaragua. In 1979, revolution in Iran resulted in a complete change in the countries relationship with the United States. Having previously been an ally of the U.S. Iran, under its new regime, had become decidedly anti-American. [tags: iran, nicaragua, lebanon, reagan administration]
. 7 Works Cited

1077 words
(3.1 pages)

Will the Agreement with Iran Slow Their Nuclear Weapons Program? — Iran’s nuclear program is very controversial and has been even more controversial ever since they started enriching their uranium that can be potentially become a nuclear weapon. This gives the west and Israel a reason to be more concerned about the issue. However in all of this there is a revelation recently because Iran and the P 5 +1 have reach a nuclear deal in order to loosen the harsh sanctions they have received resulting in billions of dollars back to the Iranians in return for shutting down the program for half a year. [tags: Iran’s Nuclear Weapons]
. 6 Works Cited

1919 words
(5.5 pages)

Politics and Religion of Iran — Politics and Religion of Iran After the fall of the Shah a new revolution was born with the Islamic Republic of Iran. In November 1979, the Iranian government became a large threat to the United States’ national security. In one of the largest and longest lasting hostage situations of American history, the Iranian leadership proved contempt for diplomatic norms and world opinion during the hostage crisis. They appeared supremely confident that Iran would succeed on its own, regardless of the rest of the world and certain that God was on their side. [tags: Iran Political Government World Essays]
. 3 Works Cited

1043 words
(3 pages)

Strengths and Weaknesses of Neo-Classical Realism: International Politics in Iran/Iraq — For the purpose of this essay, I will assess the strengths and weaknesses of Neo-Classical Realism; focusing on the theory’s core assumptions about the International System and how it interacts with units. I will discuss the theory in relation to the international politics of the region, with particular reference to the build up to the Iran-Iraq war. Neo-Classical Realism has updated and systematized certain insights from Classical Realism. as well as incorporated key tenets from other Realist paradigms. [tags: Theoretical Development, Middle East]
. 20 Works Cited

2387 words
(6.8 pages)

The United States’ International Policies Focused in Iran and Iraq — The United States’ International Policies Focused in Iran and Iraq After World War II the United States promised to not return to its isolationist attitude, which allowed Hitler to gain so much power. They instead decided to take a very active role in the world’s politics. From Korea to Vietnam, the U.S. proved that it would go to extreme lengths to police the world. The past two decades have seen the U.S. deeply involved in the Middle East as they try to stabilize a region ravaged by ethnic battles and power struggles for the world’s oil supply. [tags: Essays Papers]
. 8 Works Cited

3490 words
(10 pages)

Iran-Contra Scandals — Iran-Contra Scandals ”I think everyone knew we were walking a very thin line.”(Owen) Not many Americans know the truth that lies behind the Iran-Contra scandals. Most would be surprised to know about the deception of our leaders. Still today, some truth of Iran-Contra lies hidden in the conscience of the people who organized it, aided it, and went through with it. It started with good intentions, but soon was corrupted. Some may argue that we must do what we can to smother the flame of communism, but I believe that deception, abuse of power and bloodshed is no way to go about it. [tags: Iran Contra History Historical Essays]
. 6 Works Cited

1540 words
(4.4 pages)

The Kurds and Kurdistan: Past, Present And Future — The borders of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey divide the Kurdish people, the biggest ethnic group without a nation state. This paper seeks to shed light on whom the Kurds are, the territory they claim being a part of their right, and more on the status of their struggle for nationhood, an independent Kurdistan with its main focus on Iraqi Kurdistan. It also establishes the relationship with the nation-states in which they (Kurds) live. The study also explores the challenges, and resolutions, of and by the Kurds. [tags: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, guerilla]
. 9 Works Cited

2564 words
(7.3 pages)

Rural Tourism Development in Iran — Rural Tourism Development in Iran Research Objectives As the twentieth century has recently ended, rural development as advocated and practiced by the World Bank is still facing many issues and challenges, because rural development strategies have not been successful in the past. It was not successful in dealing with issues like poverty, employment, health, food security and environmental sustainability. On top of that, strategies in distribution of development benefits also failed and have caused many problems for rural areas (Anderson & Thomson 2003, p.169 -71). [tags: International Government ]
. 13 Works Cited

1520 words
(4.3 pages)

Iran: A New State in World Politics — New states in world politics often emerge as the result of a change in government. However, the term ‘new state’ also applies to countries that have recently acquired power and are consequently able to enter into international relations to previously unobtainable lengths. One of these countries is the Republic of Iran. Iran’s relatively abrupt shift from an inconsequential state that portrayed steady dependency upon foreign actors to an independent, rogue state has caused politicians and historians alike to question Iran’s ability to come out of isolation and assert its claim as a permanent world power. [tags: International Government ]
. 8 Works Cited

1719 words
(4.9 pages)

The United States and Iran in Space and Memory — Pro-government media bias and a profound ignorance of history have caused vehement opposition to Iran among citizens in the United States today. Iran has a record of oppressing women and minorities, committing human right’s violations, mandating political censorship, flirtation with nuclear weapons, and is controlled by a fundamentalist Islāmic government, no doubt; but the nation is not condemned for these reasons. Rather, the United States demonizes Iran to guarantee their strategic interest in the Middle East, and the world at large. [tags: Foreign Policy ]
. 15 Works Cited

1484 words
(4.2 pages)

The Future of Iran — Thomas Schelling, in his book Arms and Influence, describes the way the threat of war can be used in negotiation, to coerce another country to abide by the demands of another. In this case, the United States and the European Union, among others, have been trying to negotiate, even coerce, Iran into giving up its nuclear arms program. For the most part, Iran has not been willing to negotiate much. In fact, Iran is often described as being defiant against the world. Will this defiance cause a war to be started with Iran. [tags: International Government ]
. 4 Works Cited

1084 words
(3.1 pages)

The Iran-Contra Affair Scandal in Politics — The Iran-Contra Affair, a covert arrangement that occurred in the 1980s during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, is one of the biggest, most complex, scandals in politics, but has largely been forgotten. It was mostly a political scandal, although finances were a very important part of the scandal. In the most basic terms, the administration of President Ronald Reagan secretly sold arms to Iran in hopes that, in exchange, they could use their influence to encourage the release of American hostages in Lebanon (Sabato 1 of 1). [tags: arms trade, nicaragua, ronald reagan]
. 12 Works Cited

1357 words
(3.9 pages)

Iran-Contra Affair — America had begun to indulge in the unilateral environment afforded to it during the Cold War. As the Soviet Union began to collapse in the 1980s, the United States was on its way to becoming a solo super power. This acquisition of complete power would inevitably lead the country into new problems, including those foreign and domestic. One of the main issues that came around in the 1980s for the Unites States was the Iran-Contra Affair, which involved the Reagan Administration. With the United States readily inserting influence across the globe, the Iran-Contra Affair proved how foreign intervention can lead to scandal and disgrace in the modern world. [tags: US International Relations]
. 4 Works Cited

1419 words
(4.1 pages)

Iran-Contra Scandal — The Iran-contra scandal of the 1980’s, first brought to light in November 1986, is a complicated mess of scandal, arms dealings, hostage deals, and illegal acts (“Iran-Contra Affair” Infoplease.com). The original purpose of the arms sales was to improve United States-Iran relations (Sanders SNU.edu). However, when American hostages were taken throughout the 1980’s, members of President Reagan’s staff negotiated implicit deals with Iranian groups, which resulted in the U.S. selling arms in return for the release of hostages (Wolf PBS.org). [tags: US History]
. 10 Works Cited

2282 words
(6.5 pages)

The Invasion of Iraq was Illegal — “If Hussein’s brutal dictatorship warranted war, then we might also need to invade Zaire, Zimbabwe, Syria, Libya, China, and a host of other countries” (Babka). This is a common argument that has been brought up by others who believe the invasion of Iraq was illegal. However, the failed diplomatic policies of the United States are what led to the failed invasion of Iraq. George W. Bush sent an invasion to Iraq with only Congress approving his “Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002”. [tags: Iraq, Hussein]
. 9 Works Cited

1691 words
(4.8 pages)

The Islamic Republic of Iran — The Islamic Republic of Iran is a country of volatile politics in the Middle East, participating in numerous minor disputes and full out wars during its history. Its participation in a bloody and indecisive war with Iraq, its sponsorship of terrorist groups such as the Hezbollah and Hamas (Bruno 2011), and its controversial election have all made international bodies raise their eyebrows in the past. However, it is Iran’s nuclear ambitions that truly captured the attention of all nations in the recent months. [tags: Nuclear Weapons, Political Unrest]

1648 words
(4.7 pages)

Relations Between Iran and US — In 1979, protests erupted across the nation against the government of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. This was triggered by the domination of foreign policy, the exploitation of Iran’s resources and wealth by foreign firms, corruption and oppressive regime. The Shah’s government’s close ties with the United States and Israel, his oppressive methods and his program of Westernization were unpopular with the Iranian people. They therefore turned to the ‘ulama as an alternative. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, in exile in Paris, distributed cassette tapes of his speeches to many of the partakers in the protests. [tags: International Relations, World Politics]
. 11 Works Cited

1831 words
(5.2 pages)

America and Iran’s Nuclear Program — The ongoing struggle between the Iran and the United States over Iran’s quest to acquire nuclear weapons has led to different ideas and proscriptions to solve the problem. In one particular quote, an unknown speaker advocates that it is in the best interest of the United States and its allies to strike Iran if diplomacy fails, calling this the most prudent option. This controversial idea must be considered not only in its short-term effects, but also in the long-term result. Although it may be tempting to use nuclear weapons and long-range missiles to disarm Iran, it would be far too costly for the U.S. [tags: Foreign Relations]

1764 words
(5 pages)

The Iran Contra Scandal — “So I guess in a way they are counter revolutionary, and God bless them for being that way and I guess that makes them contras, and so it makes me a contra too.” In 1979, a bitter war broke out in Nicaragua between the Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction, the Nicaraguan government, and the Contras, a vicious rebel group. The goal of this war was simple, overthrow the Nicaraguan government and restore freedom for all Nicaraguan citizens. It was this that caught the eye of the American government and it was not too long before the U.S began to fund the Contras. [tags: Nicaragua, Revolutionaries, Ronald Reagan]
. 6 Works Cited

1633 words
(4.7 pages)

Nuclear Iran — Nuclear Iran Should United States confront Iran for its behaviors for enriching uranium. For decades the extremist Islamic regime of Iran has been the number one enemy of U.S and its allies particularly, Israel. Also, Iran has been supporting the terrorist groups such as Taliban and Al Qaeda in Iraq and Afghanistan to kill American troops. Moreover, during the past ten years Iran has been working to become nuclear which can allow them to make nuclear bombs and weapons to wipe Israel off the map which they have claimed before they would without any hesitation. [tags: Foreign Policy ]
. 5 Works Cited

2293 words
(6.6 pages)

iran contra scandal — Iran-Contra Scandal The Cold War peaked the interest of the entire globe. Each threat, policy and action that took place had ramifications far more reaching then ever imaginable. The world sat on edge because it feared its own destruction, after the introduction of nuclear warfare at the close of World War II, another World War could result in the Earth’s demise. This fear ran through the hearts and minds of citizens of both the United States and the Soviet Union, but it is the citizens elsewhere that had to pay the consequences for these fears. [tags: essays research papers]

1923 words
(5.5 pages)

The Invasion of Iraq was Illegal — “If Hussein’s brutal dictatorship warranted war, then we might also need to invade Zaire, Zimbabwe, Syria, Libya, China, and a host of other countries” (Babka). This is a common argument that has been brought up by others who believe the invasion of Iraq was illegal. However, the failed diplomatic policies of the United States are what led to the failed invasion of Iraq. George W. Bush sent an invasion to Iraq with only Congress approving his “Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002”. [tags: American Government, Iraq]
. 9 Works Cited

1691 words
(4.8 pages)

The US and Iran Relations: How did it come to this and what is next? — The US and Iran have had a history of cooperation and conflicts for a century. Dating all the way back to the early 20th century, Iran and the US have had a relationship. Later on the reliance for this relationship increased during the cold war. Since Iran bordered the former Soviet Union, the US needed to have a strong relationship. However, this kind of relationship has had negative consequences that have lasted up to this day. The differences between these countries are what break them apart. [tags: Foreign Policy]
. 3 Works Cited

1529 words
(4.4 pages)

Iran’s Nuclear Program — Iran: Nuclear Program The tensions between Iran and the rest of the world continue to grow larger as Iran refuses to cooperate or negotiate the future of their Nuclear Program. Due to the structure of the Iranian constitution, it is difficult for reform and power to be achieved. A majority of the power is vested into the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and elected President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Hoch 2006). Other elected and appointed officials consist of: a council of ministers, who serve the president, a 290 member parliament who are elected by popular vote, and an elected assembly of experts who ultimately assess and determine who the Supreme Leader is (Hoch 2006). [tags: Foreign Policy]
. 6 Works Cited

1637 words
(4.7 pages)

Engagement Towards Iran — “Only a peace between equals can last.” Woodrow Wilson The US broke diplomatic relationships with Iran following the hostage crisis in 1979. Since then the US strategy towards Iran has focused on containment to deter both its nuclear weapons program and its support of regional terrorist organizations. The strategy of isolating Iran allows the regime to use the US as a scapegoat for its ills. The regime can point to US-sponsored anti-Iranian actions, and bolster its authoritarian hold on power by stating that its problems are caused by the US and its puppet regime in Jerusalem. [tags: US, diplomacy, nuclear program, military, policy]
. 14 Works Cited

1226 words
(3.5 pages)

The Iran-Contra Scandal — Introduction The Iran-Contra Scandal occurred on the (insert specific dates) in the midst of the cold war. Oliver North, a member of the National Security Council of the United States, was accused of diverting money from weapon sales in Iran to support the Contras in Central America. Provide context of central America, how this was exposed, what happened to north, specific trial stuff, talk about the cold war/tensions… state thesis at end of sentence, state arguments, conclude. Main Argument 1 The intent of the Boland Amendment was to prohibit the use of United States funds to support the Contra-revolutionaries in Nicaragua. [tags: Government]
. 23 Works Cited

1742 words
(5 pages)

Modern Political History of Israel and Iran — Since World War II, religion has played a significant role in the modern political history of Israel and Iran. Both countries are self-defined theological states (Israel as a Jewish state, Iran as an Islamic state). Although the impact of religion changes across time and context, religion has largely defined political identity for both Israel and Iran. Yet, modern states are host to many paradoxes. Religion is important in defining these states, however the workings of each country are not always religious in practice. [tags: Religious Influence, Quietism]
. 6 Works Cited

1419 words
(4.1 pages)

The 1953 U.S. Intervention in Iran — The 1953 U.S. Intervention in Iran Once upon a time, in a mountainous land between Baghdad and the Sea of Caviar there lived a nobleman. This nobleman, after a lifetime of carping at the way the kingdom was run, became Chief Minister of the realm. Within a few months he had the whole world hanging on his words, his deeds, his jokes, his tears, and his tantrums. His personal behavior, which included wearing pajamas for numerous public appearances; speeches to the Majles (Parliament) from his bed, which was brought into its chambers. [tags: Papers]

2212 words
(6.3 pages)

Mosaddeq’s Nationalization of Oil in Iran — Mosaddeq’s Nationalization of Oil in Iran The world of foreign policy is like a multi-sided game of chess. Moves are made with varying degrees of calculation and skill, and nothing happens in a vacuum. Everything that happens affects the other players’ sets of options and levels of risk. In analyzing historical events in international relations, it is incumbent upon the analyst to take into consideration the historical and regional context to what happened. At the time of the coup that overthrew Premier Mosaddeq, several world events had just happened: key were the 1949 Chinese Revolution and Iran’s 1951 nationalization of its oil industry. [tags: Foreign Policy Politics Essays]
. 5 Works Cited

635 words
(1.8 pages)

The Country of Iraq — The Country of Iraq The country of Iraq has weathered many hardships over the past few decades. An eight-year war over territory with Iran began in 1980. Soon after, in 1990, Iraq invaded the country of Kuwait, which led to the Gulf War. Then, after twelve years of not complying with the UN Security Council over weapons of mass destruction, Iraq was invaded by the United States in March of 2003. A consequence of Iraq’s rocky past is an unstable government. Several countries, including the U.S. [tags: Research Iraq Essays Papers]

671 words
(1.9 pages)

Nuclear Weapons in Iran and North Korea Should Be Ended — Nuclear weapons are a problem that the world is facing today as countries want to have their own for different reasons and this threatens our world’s security and stability. First it was North Korea and now Iran. As the world tries to decrease the possession of nuclear weapons, these countries are now building them for a sense of power or use in the future. No matter what the reason is, the great intimidation it causes is troubling and needs to be ended. During the Cold War, countries having nuclear weapons meant that they will think rationally and not start a war since they know the reality which is that they are dealing with weapons of mass destruction. [tags: Nuclear weapons, government,]

545 words
(1.6 pages)

To What Extent Did the Activities in Iran Prove Detrimental To Foreign Policy in the Reagan Administration? — A. Plan of Investigation This investigation assesses the Reagan Administration and its inconsistent foreign policy in regards to Iran. The Iran-Contra Affair was a controversial crisis for the fortieth president. It involved two parts: the selling of weapons to Iran and then the siphoning of that money to Nicaragua. However, in this investigation, the situation with Iran will be more prominently discussed, rather than the Nicaraguan situation. The foreign policy pertaining to the Middle East will be analyzed for its confusion and complexity. [tags: Foreign Policy ]
. 9 Works Cited

1734 words
(5 pages)

The Iran Contra Scandal — The Iran Contra Scandal In 1922 President Franklin Roosevelt introduced the «Good Neighbor» Policy. This policy was created to keep the United States from getting involved in problems that could and would occur in Central America. This policy, however, did not stop many government agencies from interfering and creating a few new problems for United States neighbors. Of course, all of this was done in an aim to better the political position of the United States. In 1953, the Central Intelligence Agency created a rumor of an assassination attempt in Guatemala to run the corrupt government out of the country. [tags: Papers]

2096 words
(6 pages)

To What Extent was President Reagan’s Personal Role in the Iran-Contra Affair Significant? — A. Plan of Investigation The investigation assesses the extent of significance of President Reagan’s role in the Iran-Contra affair in the 1980’s. Reagan’s role will be looked at while aiding the Nicaraguan Contras, releasing American hostages, both which led to the Iran-Contra affair, and during the cover up, in America and partly in Iran. An investigation account and American history are mostly used to evaluate Reagan’s role. Two of the sources used in this essay, Firewall: The Iran-Contra conspiracy and cover-up written by Lawrence E. [tags: Politics, History]
. 8 Works Cited

1829 words
(5.2 pages)

Iran Before and After the Revolution — Iran – Before and After the Revolution The Islamic Republic of Iran, formerly known as Iran or Persia, was crowded with a young generation looking for full freedom against the Shah. Persia, once as a powerful country with vast oil resources, soon became a vulnerable nation, ready to accept a new leader to guide them. The people were ready for change, but were the changes they got the changes they were looking for. The people wanted freedom against the shah, (For generations Iran was ruled by Kings) who allowed some freedoms, but it was somewhat limited. [tags: Islamic Republic of Iran Shah]
. 3 Works Cited

2135 words
(6.1 pages)

Problems with Iran — Problems with Iran Iran is a country located in the Middle East. The main source of income for the country is oil, the one object that had greatly influenced its history. Iran’s present government is run as an Islamic Republic. A president, cabinet, judicial branch, and Majilesor or legislative branch, makes up the governmental positions. A revolution that overthrew the monarch, which was set in 1930, lasted over 15 years. Crane Brinton’s book, An Anatomy of a Revolution, explains set of four steps a country experiences when a revolution occurs. [tags: Iran Economics Allies History Essays]
. 5 Works Cited

3797 words
(10.8 pages)

The End of Iraq by Peter Galbraith — The End of Iraq by Peter Galbraith Peter Galbraith, the former first ambassador to Croatia book writes, The End of Iraq, a book about the United State’s invasion of Iraq and what to do about the situation now. Galbraith writes, “My purpose is to argue a course of action by which the United States can extricate itself from the mess in Iraq …this strategy should be based on U.S. interests and reflect the reality that Iraq has broken up in all but name.” Galbraith disagrees with American policies towards Iraq. [tags: Book Review Iraq Peter Galbraith]

1599 words
(4.6 pages)

Iran Provides No Freedom of Speech on the Internet — Introduction: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. The first amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America can often be taken for granted. In many third-world countries, the idea of freedom of speech is in the back of people’s minds, but almost never brought to the forefront of issues facing the country and government. [tags: Argumentative Essays]
. 4 Works Cited

1909 words
(5.5 pages)

Women’s Role in Revolutions in Iran and China — Regardless of location, revolutions have always had an effect on women’s role in society and on themselves as well. Some Revolutions gave women more opportunities while others restricted them to domestic servants. During the Chinese revolution of 1949, women gained their greater rights and freedoms and joined various branches of the Women’s National Salvation League, while education rights were given to city women it didn’t spread countryside. In Iran, matters were taken in opposite directions in their revolution of 1979, where women had expected to receive equal opportunities and gender rights none were received. [tags: Gender Studies]

491 words
(1.4 pages)

Visualizing Iran Through Satrapi’s Persepolis — Visualizing Iran It is debatable that most people of western societies especially here in the U.S share a common perspective about the country of Iran having a reputation for terrorism and Islamic fundamentalism. In the media today, Iran is accused of having nuclear weapons and various politicians have made references to its contribution to the constant violence in Iraq. The information that we absorb everyday from news reports adds to our biases and enhances our negative opinions of Iran as a country. [tags: International Politics]

924 words
(2.6 pages)

The Legacy of President Ronald Reagan — During the 1980s, the legacy of Ronald Reagan was reflected upon the Iran-Contra affair, the fall of communism, and the impact of illegal drugs. The Iran-Contra affair jeopardized the very legacy of the president. Reagan was appraised for and credited for the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the global threat of communism. Another form of threat to the legacy of Reagan and his administration was the threat of illegal drugs in the United States. Thus proving how much the 1980s was an era of both turmoil and triumph that could have affected the outcome of the president’s legacy. [tags: iran-contra affair, illegal drugs, communism]
. 2 Works Cited

1145 words
(3.3 pages)

The Bush Administration’s Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq’s Invasion of Kuwait — The Bush Administration’s Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq’s Invasion of Kuwait Prior to the August 2, 1990 invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq, the United States had questionable relations with Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein, to say the least. In retrospect, which is inherently advantageous as a 20/20 perspective, questions remain unanswered as to whether or not the United States was too appeasing to Saddam Hussein in the years, months, and days leading up to that early August morning. There remains to this day lingering questions as to the role that the US Ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, played in conveying the Administration’s message to the Iraqi leader. [tags: War Military George Bush Iraq Essays]
. 17 Works Cited

4327 words
(12.4 pages)

The War in Afghanistan — The war in Afghanistan was a part of the Cold War, which was fought between Soviet-led Afghan forces and Mujahedeen, which were composed of two alliances– the Peshawar Seven and the Tehran Eight. The United States, along with the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia and other countries supported the Peshawar Seven insurgents by training them and giving them weapon and money. The Eight alliances were supported by the Islamic Republic of Iran. The primary Soviet positioning of the Army in Afghanistan began on the 24th of December, 1979, under Soviet general Leonid Brezhnev and the last troop removal started on the 15th of May, 1988, and was finished on February 15, 1989, under the last Soviet leader. [tags: cold war, iran, islam]
. 5 Works Cited

1646 words
(4.7 pages)

Foreign Influence in Persia — During the 19th century the monarchy was only the most dominant of several powerful groupings within Iranian society, the others being the tribal leaders, the landlords, and the mujtahids, Shi’i Muslim theologians and scholars empowered to interpret and administer religious law (the only law in force).1 Their religious control over the Iranian people and identification with popular anti-foreign struggles following the war with Russia, an independent source of wealth through a religious tax, and control over the law courts and education were the roots of their power. [tags: Foreign relations of Iran]
. 38 Works Cited

2609 words
(7.5 pages)

Persepoli by Marjane Satrapi — Introduction In the book Persepolis, the narrator, author and main character, Marjane (Marji) Satrapi talks about her life growing up in Iran after the Islamic Revolution and during the Iranian-Iraqi war. The novel is separated into two books, Persepolis 1 and Persepolis 2. Both books are split into sections based on occurrences that happened in Satrapi’s life. Each section title represents something deeper than what the comic is literally saying. The titles of each sections are metaphors for what the section is about. [tags: the veil, iran, islamic revolution]
. 1 Works Cited

1178 words
(3.4 pages)

Before Iran-Contra — Before Iran-Contra: The Development of Latin American Foreign Policy During the Reagan Administration When the Reagan administration first took office early in 1981, many of its key members wanted to make a move as soon as possible in response to the growing realm of Soviet power in the world. One area that the U.S. felt a lot of pressure from was Latin America. Even before the advent of communism, US influence in Latin America was always a touchy subject. As early as Teddy Roosevelt’s term as president, the US began a course of foreign policy that protected US investments in Latin America. [tags: essays research papers]

1309 words
(3.7 pages)

The Iraq War — What triggered the Iraq War that we are currently still having. During this time in history we were still in the cold war as well Cold War (1945–1991), a lot of events has happened during this time period. I am going to start with the Iran-Iraq war which started in 1980 and ended in 1988. The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, launching a simultaneous invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on 22 September 1980 following a long history of border disputes, and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq’s long-suppressed Shia majority influenced by the Iranian Revolution. [tags: Military History]
. 12 Works Cited

2171 words
(6.2 pages)

United States and the Middle East — Should the United States of America attack Iran if it has begun to enrich uranium to the level that it can create a nuclear bomb. Or sending troops into Pakistan if the government loses what little control it has over its western regions and terrorists take hold. These are some of the question that are constantly asked. There is no decision that is more difficult than the decision of a government to employ military force upon another country. Except in the most clear-cut cases, those decisions are also difficult, this is what some people think. [tags: War, Iran, United States, Politics]
. 8 Works Cited

1049 words
(3 pages)

Iraq Invasion of Kuwait vs US Iraq War — Iraq Invasion of Kuwait vs U.S Iraq War Iraq and Kuwait have a long history; Kuwait played a huge part in the Iran-Iraq war, mostly financially. Open warfare began on September 22, 1980; Iraq claimed Iran shelled a number of border posts on September 4, 1980. Kuwait funded Iraq during the Iraq-Iran war, which caused tension between the two nations when Iraq couldn’t pay the $14 billion dollars back to Kuwait when it was time to settle their debt. The Iraqi government asked Kuwait to forgive the debt, as they could not afford to pay, Kuwait refused to forgive the debt, which increased tensions between the two nations. [tags: warfare, international community, democracy]
. 7 Works Cited

1164 words
(3.3 pages)

War In Iraq — Through an extensive study of the events leading up to the war in Iraq, it will be evident that the war could have stemmed for many of reasons. The overall reason, though, is that Iraq has been a continuous threat to the United States, the nation as a whole, and their very country. Looking through the lenses of the Iraqis, Postcolonial theory, will display what this war has done for them, and how many of them depend on the U.S. now until their government is stable enough to make their own civilians feel safe again. [tags: postcolonial theory, liberalism, Hussein]
. 19 Works Cited

3184 words
(9.1 pages)

The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End by Peter Galbraith — If a general attitude towards war is that it is a force that gives us meaning, then the war in Iraq definitely follows suit. In his book, The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End, Peter Galbraith takes an in-depth look at the historical framework for the conflict, indicts the fundamental misconceptions surrounding the situation both at the time and the present, and offers an alternative to the current quagmire, showing how this war will truly define the Bush presidency and dominate American foreign policy for years to come. [tags: Galbraith Iraq War]

1672 words
(4.8 pages)

Establishment vs. Proletariat -. Some examples of this educational relationship were the establishment of schools, hospitals, as well as medical dispensaries. This led to an increase in the standard of living in Iran. During the pinnacle of the Cold War not only did the relationship between Iran and the United States change, but also the main objective of being in Iran. It went from containing communism and the input of the Eisenhower Administration to retain oil. On May 1, 1951 Mohammed Reza Shah established the National Iranian Oil Company, which led to the rise of Mohammed Mossadeq and the National Front Party. [tags: 1953 Iran Coup d'Etat, CIA]
. 2 Works Cited

1049 words
(3 pages)

International Institutions and Nuclear Proliferation: The Dependence on Nations — The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) that took effect in 1968 was the landmark of international cooperation during the Cold War. As of 2015, there are 190 nations as parties to the treaty with four abstentions and one withdrawal. While the cooperative importance of this treaty cannot be understated, it is not the only International Institution that has a prominent place in the non-proliferation, disarmament and nuclear safety realm. The question isn’t whether these institutions are necessary in the international community, but how effective these Non-Governmental Organizations and institutions are in an international community dominated by sovereign nations. [tags: NPT, treaty, disarmament, safety, Iran, UN]
. 15 Works Cited

2765 words
(7.9 pages)

Imagining the Future in Iraq — Imagining the Future in Iraq The future of Iraq remains unclear. There are those who have tried to categorize the current conflict as the next Vietnam. Others have dubbed it the next Afghanistan, and others still see a future for Iraq unlike any seen in history. In the midst of all this speculation, one thing is certain: eventually, the US military must withdraw from occupied Iraq. As a matter of history, occupation does not last unless there is a concomitant colonization and/or a significant population influx. [tags: Politics Political Iraq Essays]
. 4 Works Cited

1281 words
(3.7 pages)

The Conflict and Struggles in Iraq — The Conflict and Struggles in Iraq Throughout history, the United States has attempted to overthrow corrupt government in other areas of the world and instating democracies such as ours. What the United States fails to realize is that reforms in a country’s political structure do not occur overnight, but rather to enforce these new changes, money and time is required. Sometimes the money and time seem to be more than we as a country bargain for, but I am a firm believer that you finish what you start. [tags: Iraq Iraqi Politics Political Papers]
. 5 Works Cited

1585 words
(4.5 pages)

The United States, Iraq, and The Ramifications of War — Operation Desert Storm or otherwise known as the Gulf War was a huge victory for the United States and its allies while at the same time a devastating defeat for Iraq.1 The attack led by the United States on Iraq nearly destroyed the Iraqi’s military capabilities which forced Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait and led to changing Iraq’s southern border in a way that was in favor of Kuwait. The attack also instigated differences in opinion in Iraq and generally weakened Saddam Hussein’s regime.2 As Robin Wright stated, “Operation Desert Storm served as a textbook case of how to deal with aggression in the post-Cold War world”.3 Eight years later after the U.S. [tags: Foreign Policy]
. 24 Works Cited

2447 words
(7 pages)

Persepolis Symbols — Persepolis Symbols In America, the Islamic Revolution means absolutely nothing to a ten year old child, but in Iran it’s like a plague that’s draped across their entire world as they know it. Most Iranian children are unlike the children of the United States, which have no restrictions on dress or schools, even freedom. Iranian children live in a country controlled by their government that prohibits simple pleasures and freedoms because this government forbids Iranian families the ability to control their own lives. [tags: documentary, book, Iran]
. 1 Works Cited

882 words
(2.5 pages)

Shia and Sunni Conflict in Iraq Politics — Sixty-three percent of Iraq’s population is Shia Muslim, thirty-three percent is Sunni Muslim (Lunde, 2002). For the past five centuries the minority, Sunni Muslims, have held political power in Iraq. It was not until recently that the majority, the Shia Muslims, was able to experience political power. The tensions between Sunni and Shia in Iraq are not due to religious differences formed after Muhammad’s death 1,382 years ago and are not inevitable, as proven by the relationships between Sunni and Shia in other countries and in the past (Shuster, 2011). [tags: muslim, political unrest, minorities]
. 13 Works Cited

1336 words
(3.8 pages)

War in Iraq — War in Iraq Introduction In 1979, President Bakr resigned under pressure from Hussein, who then became president. Immediately after his succession, Hussein called a Baath Party meeting and had all of his opposition systematically murdered. As president, Hussein continued to reinforce his power base by enlarging security forces and employing family members in the government. One 1984 analysis indicated that 50 percent of Iraqis were either employed by the government or military or had a family member who was — thus making the population intimately connected to and dominated by Hussein. [tags: Politics Political History Government Essays]

5021 words
(14.3 pages)

War with Iraq — The war with Iraq began about fifteen years ago. Still to this day people are torn between going to war and trying to keep peace with Iraq. Back when the United States first had a problem with Iraq was when they invaded Kuwait in 1990, and refused to leave. Their were three main causes that made Iraq invade Kuwait. The Iraqi leaders have always considered Kuwait to be part of Iraq because of the way it used to be a long time ago. Second, the country of Kuwait is full of oil. I am sure that was the main reason why Saddam invaded Kuwait. [tags: essays research papers]

1941 words
(5.5 pages)

Television in Iraq — INTRODUCTION The birth of the television was originally introduced here, in the United States. The impact of this new technology was not only evident here in the US, but in other countries as well. In Iraq, television caused immediate changes, which in turn caused adjustments in everyday living. The benefits and negative impacts varied, but overall as in most other countries, television shapes the images and views of everything that is broadcasted. Television currently has taken the place of past leisure activities. [tags: essays research papers fc]
. 8 Works Cited

6036 words
(17.2 pages)

Nuclear Tension Within North Korea and Iraq — Nuclear Tension Within North Korea and Iraq Introduction: In recent years the issue of nuclear armament has become a growing concern in world politics. The United States has taken on the self appointed role of world bully on this issue. Believing it self the sole country with the ability to keep nuclear weapons, while belligerently are striking out against other countries that pursue nuclear weapons, or are believed to have them in their possession. Using the events of 9-11 as its cause, the United States has launched a “War on Terrorism” in which it has bombed Afghanistan in hopes of “destroying” and “finding” the terrorists that attacked the United States. [tags: Korea Iraq Weapons Essays]
. 4 Works Cited

4177 words
(11.9 pages)

Iran and Nuclear Proliferation — Iran and Nuclear Proliferation On February 11th, 2010, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad declared during a speech on the anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, that Iran has produced its first package of highly enriched Uranium. This was declared two days after beginning the process earlier that week. President Ahmadinejad said during his speech that Iran has succeeded in enriching uranium to twenty percent and has the ability to achieve a purity of more than eighty percent. (Flintoff) The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) had advised the United States and other United Nations (UN) Security Council nations on the possibility of an advanced nuclear development program in Iran. [tags: International Politics]
. 16 Works Cited

1695 words
(4.8 pages)

Against a War Against Iraq — Against a War Against Iraq Nowadays, what I hear from the radio and television programs in the US is about a war against Iraq. A main topic of what American people talk about is how it is going to be. What I thought after talking to young people about it was that they really do not want this terrible fighting. Through my philosophy and anthropology teachers, I knew the background of this war. They said that the US gave weapons of mass distraction including nuclear weapons to Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War. [tags: War Terrorism Essays]
. 6 Works Cited

827 words
(2.4 pages)

Analysis of Turmoil in Iraq — Iraq is a Middle-Eastern country of diversity and turmoil. The people of Iraq, coming from ethic groups such as Kurdish, Arab, Turkoman, and Assyrian, and holding a nearly 97% Muslim population (CIA World Fact Book), remain a lost peoples fighting to create their new country without the tyranny of the past quarter century. The beginning of the reformation of Iraq started in 1979 with the Iranian revolution, during which major changes were made in the U.S.’s policies concerning Iraq, and the beginning of Saddam Hussein’s over two decade long presidency. [tags: Current Events]

983 words
(2.8 pages)

Ronald Reagan’s Life and Accomplishments — Ronald Reagan began his life in 1911 in Tampico, IL. When he was nine, his family moved to Dixon, IL where he grew up. His father owned a shoe store in town. His mother raised him with the fundamental belief in God that he carried with him throughout his life and presidency. He became a devout Christian and was very involved in his church. He was a very kind and caring boy and very much an introvert, something that he carried on later in life. He was very athletic, playing football and various other sports. [tags: communism, hollywood, iran contra affair]
. 2 Works Cited

1152 words
(3.3 pages)

Economic Sanctions in Iraq — Economic Sanctions in Iraq From all of the turmoil in the Persian Gulf, the most controversial issue is certainly the economic sanctions imposed upon Iraq. These sanctions, constructed by the United States and supported by the United Nations, were meant to target Saddam Hussein and his regimes, but they have had tremendous and terrible effects on the civilian population of the country. Although their purposes were originally sound and honorable, the sanctions that were imposed upon Iraq have caused hundreds of thousands of deaths throughout that nation, and their legitimacy and necessity are a worldwide topic of speculation. [tags: Papers]

1397 words
(4 pages)

America’s Involvement in the Soviet Afghan War — America’s Involvement in the Soviet Afghan War The worst case scenario for the United States in the late 70s and early 80s was the threat of the Soviet invasion of Iran and subsequent control of the Saudi Oil fields. The best that could be done to counter a possible Soviet invasion would have been the deployment of parts of the 82nd Airborne Division to the Zagros Mountains of Iran, which would take at least a week with reinforcements arriving much later. This was not acceptable to the Carter Administration, which decided on another course of action — to actively support the anti-Soviet Mujahideen “freedom — fighters” in Afghanistan and help protect the Middle Eastern oil fields. [tags: Iran War American History Soviet Union Essays]
. 19 Works Cited

3126 words
(8.9 pages)

War in Iraq — For the past eight or nine years, the United States has continually sent troops overseas to the Middle East, but why. The government has said that it is to fight terrorism or to bring democracy to the Middle Eastern nations. There happens to be a barrier that stands in the way of both those goals and that would be Islamic Fundamentalism. Islamic Fundamentalism is the term used to describe the religious ideologies of advocating a return to the “fundamentals” of Islam. Through this return to the Islamic fundamentals, the rights of women have been violated while acts of terrorism and suicides increase. [tags: International Politics ]
. 7 Works Cited

1175 words
(3.4 pages)

Последние публикации
Материалы для утепления